عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
We can talk about the concepts of risk and risk control only if a collective force and consciousness recognize them and pose then needed conditions for their management and find some solutions to halter them. Childhood dependent to its important status in life cycle has its own risks. Cognition, control and presenting mechanisms for confronting with risks of childhood have always been a concern for politicians and policy-makers. The main purpose of this essay is to determine, since when in Iran, factors and situations which threaten children considered as child risks? How these risks get categorized? Which social policies have been legislated to address this issue heretofore? This study scrutinizes the processes of engagement with child risks in Iran based on documental and historical analysis. Based on historical evidents, recognition and control of child risks can be referred into the time of Amir Kabir. Generally there are two types of risks that threat children: basic-capable and secondary risks. Thefirst category is prior to the second one. The time of Amir Kabir’s chancery was a turning point in noting and verifying this issue; the time which disasters and calamities weren’t attributed to the God and religious life anymore and were perceived as natural phenomena and facts that can be predicted and therefore managed and more importantly can be planned for in a systematic way. The risks of this period can be categorized under the basic-capable type. The control of this type of risks has its own mechanisms. Noticing and regarding this kind of risks was continued till Pahlavi course and after it in Islamic revolution and forth with a relational fluctuations; in 1993 and with establishment of the protection of child's rights association and their efforts, a new approach on the issue were raised and in 2002 secondary risks were noticed and put under the government's agenda.