عنوان مقاله [English]
Commercialization of humanities is one of the shared and common goals of the institutions of politics (government), knowledge (university), and religion (theology) in Iran. Over time, this common goal, in the form of legalized knowledge-based companies was approved by the Iranian parliament and became a law by establishing entrepreneurship in universities and start-up companies. This process, which indicates the intertwining of the above-mentioned fields in the social whole, approves the exchange of legal, scientific, and religious legitimacy between them, which over time has introduced the culture as a business. Religion as well as being a part of Culture was discovered as a virgin and also an untouched market. On the other hand, religion (seminary) also identified this situation as an opportunity to conquer the market. In this research, the logic, dialectical method, and immanent criticism will help us to understand the intertwining of religion, politics, and knowledge into each other and in society as a whole through the medium of the economy in order to clarify the internal contradictions of those activities attributed to seminaries in religious start-ups; Moreover, this research will also shed light on how these contradictions are kept buried by the ideology of the late capitalism and the process of hidden legitimation which has led to the reproduction of the existing order and market-based relations. This research is based on the fact that such economic activities of seminaries -contrary to their initial claim- according to the logic of the market, have necessarily led to the commodification, monetarization, and objectification of religious relations -which ultimately will be an antireligious actor. It also indicates that the nature of such economic activities in the field of religion -which is intertwined with the free market-based system- leads people to identify religious matters as economic-financial ones, and cannot understand the contradiction existing in the economic-religious relation in its social whole. It seems that this in return leads to a change in people’s mentality which leads to its legitimization, the charismaticization of entrepreneurship, and the commodification of religious relations. On the other hand, it causes a change in social relations, creating the arrival of new institutional arrangements and the religion of the free market, which dissolves many forms of resistance, egalitarian and libertarian struggles in their pre-formation stage, or suppresses it by representing it as an antireligious act. In the end, the combination of the free market-based and religious worldviews comes with an internal contradiction that makes its sublimation impossible as well as resolving it.