عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This paper explores the relation of language and life in contemporary Iranian society. Our theoretical perspective concerning life and language is based on later Wittgenstein and early Heidegger philosophical debates. After introducing the roots of the philosophical and sociological equivalent in contemporary sociologists the provided conceptual framework has been assessed. Accordingly, Foucauldian discourse and its sociological version by Laclau & Mouffe have been set for this research. After determining of theoretical boundaries, Discourse Analysis is accepted as research method. Research data has collected by semi-structured interview with doctors and merchants. The results from the analysis of language games and discursive practices of interviewees, introduce three discursive formations; scientific discourse, civil discourse and religious discourse. The Comparison of the interviews clarify that language games and discursive practices of every formation, produce distinctive discursive constellation which make social agent life meaningful. Relying on theoretical debates, social existence and life order in contemporary Iranian society can be understood from the perspective of language. Linguistic perspective raise a new understanding of social relations that classic ideas were unable to explain. This paper argues that language is a window to understand the complexities of contemporary Iranian society, and is able to advance sociological theory.